2021年1月，我院助理教授Jin-yeong Sohn和美国亚利桑那大学博士生Alexander Schaefer在经济学期刊Economics and Philosophy发表了题为“Unraveling into War: Trust and Social Preferences in Hobbes's State of Nature”的论文。
Assistant Professor Jin-yeong Sohn's Paper Published in Economics and Philosophy
March 30, 2021
Jin-yeong Sohn, IAER Assistant Professor, published his paper in Economics and Philosophy in January 2021. Entitled "Unraveling into War: Trust and Social Preferences in Hobbes's State of Nature", the paper was co-authored with Alexander Schaefer, Ph.D. candidate at the University of Arizona.
Social scientists have long been interested in formalizing classical theories of the past (which were less precise due to the lack of formal techniques), using modern game theory. One of such classical theories is Thomas Hobbes's theory of State of Nature. Many scholars have tried to build formal models of the Hobbesian theory, but the existing models fall short in several desiderata. This paper proposes a theoretical reconstruction of the Hobbesian theory which improves upon the existing models in several aspects. In particular, existing models have abstract away from psychological diversity of individuals and uncertainty about others' social motives or "modesty" as Hobbes calls it. But, as illustrated in Leviathan, Hobbes claims that uncertainty about others' motives to be an important contributor to the state of nature. The authors make significant improvements on this front by using models of social preferences and incomplete information.